How to Remove Tartar from Teeth?

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Dental health encompasses different aspects. Each one of them contributes to have a beautiful smile, but above all, to have and maintain a good oral health. Among the main enemies of this we find tartar.

In this article we will discuss what tartar is and the risk it represents for teeth. We will also see how it can be eliminated, in case it appears.

What is tartar?

Tartar is caused by bacteria. First, plaque forms on the teeth. It usually appears when you do not have good oral hygiene habits. If it is not removed quickly, it turns into tartar. Worst of all, it is now more work to remove it

All this has been confirmed by the study carried out in the British Medical Journal. It found that the main cause of tartar is poor oral hygiene. This involves more than just not brushing every day. It encompasses carelessness on the part of the person, either in the research for proper brushing, or in not performing this activity on a frequent basis.

Tartar can be easily identified because, when it appears, the affected tooth takes on a yellowish color. The worst thing is that its hard texture makes it even more difficult to remove.

Risks of tartar on teeth

Having tartar on your teeth is unpleasant to look at. But that may be the least of the problems. Depending on its location, it can cause gum inflammation, bleeding from the gums and, in the worst case, periodontal disease.

As tartar is a group of bacteria, it gradually eliminates the hard part of the tooth. This is a continuous process, so unless the problem is completely eliminated, cavities can form in the tooth. In the most serious cases it may be necessary to perform an exodontia to prevent other teeth from being affected.

Other problems caused by tartar include bad breath, as well as the loss of the natural color of the tooth.

How can tartar on teeth be prevented?

Actually, there are many conditions caused by tartar. That is why dentists recommend avoiding its appearance from the beginning. Therefore, it is vital to know the preventive measures that should be taken. Clínica Gallut highlights the most important ones.

  • Brushing. This is the technique most recommended by oral health experts. And it is the easiest to comply with. Brushing should last more than a minute and a half.
  • Use of fluoride. This component is very useful in the care and cleaning of teeth. You can use a toothpaste containing fluoride.
  • Use dental floss. It can be initiated due to food debris on the teeth, it is necessary to use dental floss as a complement to brushing.
  • Use mouthwash. Nowadays there are numerous options of mouthwashes. They also serve to protect teeth and gums.
  • Proper diet. One of the things that most influences the formation of plaque, and subsequent appearance of tartar, is a poor diet. The diet should always be monitored.
  • Avoid toxic elements. Both alcohol and tobacco affect the teeth and gums. Their use should be eliminated or controlled as much as possible.

How to remove tartar from teeth?

There are many reasons to prevent the appearance of tartar. For example, aesthetics, good health of teeth and gums, among others. But there is one that undoubtedly stands out. It is that tartar can only be removed with professional help.

In this regard, Dr. Raquel Ocaña, who has been doing dental work for many years in a clinic in Spain, points out that you should not follow the recommendations of inexperienced people. For example, some people mention different home remedies to remove tartar, but most of them are ineffective and could even aggravate the problem.

Dr. Ocaña also comments on the best techniques to eliminate tartar as soon as possible. First, in order to determine the seriousness of the situation, the dentist is required to evaluate the patient

Thanks to his experience, as well as the different and increasingly advanced devices he has, he will be able to know which treatment would be the most appropriate. You will have 4 options to choose from.


The brush used by dentists in this treatment is rotary. It is the simplest treatment, so it is used when the condition is very mild. With this brush the different elements are eliminated, especially those located in the space between one tooth and another. In this way, the cause of the tartar is eliminated.


Prophylaxis is better known as dental cleaning. Unlike the use of the rotating brush, this procedure is more thorough. Although in the past manual tools were used, ultrasonic devices are now used. With these, the tartar that has formed can be removed causing the least discomfort to the patient.

This device vibrates and, thanks to this, the tartar that is adhered to the dental piece can be removed. Now all that is needed is to get rid of it.

Periodontal maintenance

When tartar is very advanced, especially when it is present in the gum, constant maintenance may be necessary. As with prophylaxis, an ultrasound device is used to perform it. The difference is that it is a much deeper procedure. It is only recommended if the person has periodontal disease.

Periodontal treatment

This method is a combination of periodontal prophylaxis and periodontal maintenance. It is only used when the tartar is both on the upper part of the teeth and the part that is covered by the gums. It is a manual process.

Tartar can cause serious damage to the teeth. In addition, the treatment to remove it can be expensive. Therefore, it is best to always take care of your oral health to prevent it.

Isaac Escudero Bermudez
Isaac Escudero Bermudez
Degree in Dentistry from the University of Valencia and Master's Degree from the University of Alcalá. Doctorate and committed to Human Health

Aunque pueda contener afirmaciones, datos o apuntes procedentes de instituciones o profesionales sanitarios y la información contenida en PharmaSalud esté redactada por profesionales en medicina, recomendamos al lector que cualquier duda relacionada con la salud sea consultada con un profesional del ámbito sanitario.

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